Tag Archives: District plan review

DCC: Snow White cause of substantial loss + DRAFT Annual Plan

snow-white-and-the-seven-dwarfs [sisterlondon.com] 1Vestiges of Purity for ALL [ethical cleansing HITS town]

‘Some of the unfavourable variance because of divestment losses’

### ODT Online Wed, 30 Mar 2016
City pays cost for divesting
By Timothy Brown
Some of the Dunedin City Council’s divestment decisions have cost the city, it was revealed at yesterday’s council finance committee meeting. […] The council voted last May to scrap any investments the [Waipouri] fund had in the munitions, tobacco, fossil fuel extraction, gambling or pornography industries and to bar future investment in those industries. […] The fund had produced $783,000 in profit during the eight months to February 29. However, this was $1.657million down on the budgeted $2.44million profit.
Read more

Agenda – FIN – 29/03/2016 (PDF, 1.8 MB)
This agenda includes the reports

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Public Forum [page 4]
2 Apologies [4]
3 Confirmation of Agenda [4]
4 Declaration of Interest [5]

PART A REPORTS (Committee has power to decide these matters)

5 Financial Result – Period Ended 29 February 2016 [6]
This report provides a commentary of the financial performance of Council for the period ended 29 February 2016 and the financial position as at that date. The net deficit (including Waipori) for the eight months to February was $5.878 million or $381k worse than budget.

6 Financial Result – Period Ended 31 January 2016 [31]
This report provides the financial results for the period ended 31 January 2016 and the financial position as at that date. The net deficit (including Waipori) for the seven months to January was $6.668 million or $36k worse than budget.

Related Posts and Comments:
26.3.16 Dunedin: Erosion issues at St Clair and Ocean Beach
25.1.16 DCC: South Dunedin Integrated Catchment Management Plan (ICMP)
5.1.16 Hammered from all sides #fixit [dunedinflood Jun2015]
27.12.15 Pop Mashup(s) + Independent UK…on attack to local democracy
21.11.15 Mayor Cull won’t admit lack of maintenance #SouthDunedinFlood
14.7.15 DCC strategies needed like a hole in the head
27.4.15 She’s right: “We are a very poor city.” —Cr Hilary Calvert
6.4.15 Energy, a little picture #wow
25.5.14 Whaleoil: Rodney Hide on Dunedin’s Luddite Council
21.1.14 Jints, this one’s forya
13.1.14 Taking to water like a duck on oil

****

  • Dunedin City Council – Media Release
    Annual Plan consultation begins

    This item was published on 24 Mar 2016

    Should we be spending more on economic development in Dunedin and/or boosting funding for community grants? These are some of the questions the Dunedin City Council is asking residents as part of its 2016/17 Annual Plan and budget consultation, which opens today.

    Mayor of Dunedin Dave Cull says recent changes to the law mean the Council is taking a different approach to how it seeks feedback from residents on what should be included in the 2016/17 Annual Plan: “Just last year we went through a rigorous process developing a 10 year Long Term Plan (LTP), which sets out the city’s financial and strategic path. This year we are asking the community to comment largely on things we are proposing to add or change.” Some of the proposed changes are things that have already been discussed with the community and agreed on, but were either not funded in the LTP or not funded beyond the current 2015/16 year. Examples include the funding proposed for GigCity, UNESCO City of Literature and Dunedin’s Arts and Culture and Environment Strategies.

    Mr Cull says the planned increase in economic development resourcing is effectively a return of funding taken out several years ago because of budget constraints: “The proposed $790,000 increase in funding is largely community driven. One of the consistent messages emerging from residents is that job creation and business encouragement are vital for Dunedin. Our business sector is also telling us we need to market the city better to visitors and businesses.”

    Funding has also been provided for investigations into South Dunedin groundwater/ sea level rise issues [WHAT ISSUES – WHERE IS THE SCIENCE ?], and to investigate coastal erosion in other areas. Other proposed funding includes an extra $120,000 for community grants because there are always more requests than money available.

    These suggested changes can be achieved within the proposed 2.9% rates rise.

    The consultation document is now available at www.dunedin.govt.nz/2016AP. Public consultation on the Annual Plan closes at 5pm on 20 April. People are encouraged to provide their feedback early and, if possible, use the online form.

    A snapshot of what is proposed, presented in a map fold newsletter, will be delivered to every Dunedin household. Information will also be available at DCC service centres and libraries and at the Customer Services Agency in the Civic Centre. There will also be a public meeting and workshop, and six drop-in sessions with the opportunity for face-to-face discussion with Councillors. These will be held around the wider city during the consultation period.

    █ Comments on the DCC Facebook page and tweets to @DnCityCouncil using #DunedinAP will also be considered as feedback. The consultation period will be followed by hearings and deliberations in May and a final Annual Plan will be adopted by the Council in June.

    █ A range of supporting documents and an online submission form are available at www.dunedin.govt.nz/2016AP.

    Contact The Mayor of Dunedin on 03 477 4000.
    DCC Link

    Related Posts and Comments:
    23.2.16 Hold on! DCC Annual Plan 2016/17 #CommunityEngagement
    30.1.16 DCC Rates: LOCAL CONTEXT not Stats —Delta and Hippopotamuses
    26.11.15 DCC report: Mosgiel Pool Future Aquatic Provision
    12.9.15 Cr Kate ‘Cycleways’ Wilson —(disingenuous) fails constituents
    22.8.15 DCC cycleway$ now tied to more ‘urban de$ign’ $pend, after reha$h…
    14.7.15 DCC strategies needed like a hole in the head
    22.7.15 DCC Long Term Plan 2015/16 – 2024/25
    24.6.15 DCC Residents’ Opinion Survey (ROS)
    29.5.15 Design alternatives to (pre-selected) bridge not canvassed by DCC
    5.5.15 DCC financial position | DCC reply: “$20M cash on hand” #LGOIMA
    4.5.15 DCC: Draft LTP matter —‘Unfunded Mosgiel Aquatic Facilities’
    28.9.14 “DCC entitlement” about to ramrod change at CBD #manipulation
    5.8.14 DCC staff-led CBD projects that impact… | consolidated council debt
    27.6.14 Stadium costs $23.4144 million per annum
    25.1.12 Waipori Fund – inane thinkings from a councillor
    17.11.13 Cull, MacTavish: (to borrow a phrase) “Have you fixed the debt crisis?”

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    *Image: sisterlondon.com – SW + dwarves, tweaked by whatifdunedin
    (many thanks to Disney)

    33 Comments

    Filed under Business, DCC, Democracy, Design, Dunedin, Economics, Events, Hot air, Media, Name, New Zealand, People, Politics, Project management

    DCC extends 2GP further submissions period

    Dunedin City Council has extended the Further Submissions period for the second generation district plan (2GP) to Thursday, 3 March 2016 at 5pm.

    All members of the public are eligible to make submissions on the Summary of Decisions Requested to the proposed 2GP.

    [screenshot – click to enlarge]

    DCC 2GP Update 17.2.16 - Further submissions period extended to 3 March 2016

    ██ DCC 2GP Index Page at https://2gp.dunedin.govt.nz/2gp/index.html

    ██ Have Your Say at https://2gp.dunedin.govt.nz/2gp/submissions.html

    ██ Search for Summaries of Decisions Requested and Submissions at https://2gp.dunedin.govt.nz/submit/PublicSubmissionSearch.aspx

    Related Posts and Comments:
    ● 16.2.16 DCC: 2GP further submissions [consultation software with bug?]
    8.2.16 DCC 2GP further submissions [update]
    4.2.16 2GP commissioner appears to tell Council outcome before hearings…
    3.2.16 DCC 2GP Hearings Panel
    22.12.15 DCC consultation warped | inaccessible Proposed 2GP ‘eplan’
    9.12.15 Otago Regional Council hammers DCC’s proposed 2GP
    19.11.15 DCC Conditions: Extensions for public submissions (2GP)
    19.11.15 DCC Proposed 2GP ridiculousness: formatting + plan content
    16.11.15 DCC operating deficit $1M worse than budget
    11.11.15 Letter to DCC chief executive re extension for public submissions…
    9.11.15 Letter to DCC chief executive re Proposed 2GP hearings panel
    24.10.15 DCC and the AWFUL 2GP ‘threat of THREATS’
    12.10.15 DCC Proposed 2GP (district plan) —DEFEND YOUR PROPERTY
    3.10.15 DCC: Public Notice Draft 2GP + “Community Presentations”
    3.10.15 DCC appointees to draft 2GP panel #greenasgrass #infatuation
    2.10.15 DCC Draft 2GP hearings panel lacks FULL INDEPENDENCE
    30.10.15 DCC 2GP molasses and the dreadful shooflies (You)
    28.9.15 Message to DCC: The People can’t deal with your 2GP documentation…
    26.9.15 DCC: Proposed 2GP to line pockets of cowboy developers #FIGHTDIRTY

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    13 Comments

    Filed under Business, Climate change, DCC, Democracy, District Plan, Dunedin, Economics, Geography, Infrastructure, New Zealand, People, Politics, Project management, Proposed 2GP, Resource management, Town planning, Travesty, Urban design

    DCC: 2GP further submissions [consultation software with bug?]

    Copy of DCC internal correspondence received.
    Tue, 16 Feb 2016 at 7:01 a.m.

    On 12/02/16 4:53 pm, “Simon Pickford” wrote:

    Good afternoon,

    A quick update on the 2GP: we have found a technical issue with the reports that were produced in response to the submissions on the 2GP. As a result the reports need to be reissued and this means that we are outside the 10 day minimum statutory period of the current consultation and will have to re-notify.

    We are assessing whether there will be an impact on the timing of the 2GP hearings and the remaining consultation process, but it will require us to re-advertise our consultation period. We are updating the website and making sure the necessary adverts are in place.

    Regards

    Simon

    Simon Pickford
    General Manager Services and Development
    Dunedin City Council

    ****

    I forwarded this yesterday without knowledge of Mr Pickford’s email:

    From: Elizabeth Kerr
    Sent: Monday, 15 February 2016 10:51 p.m.
    To: Simon Pickford; Sandy Graham; Sue Bidrose
    Subject: FW: Public Notice for the Summary of Decisions Requested

    Dear All

    I received the below DCC email on 5 February, and was prepared to make a further submission before the closing date of 26 February 2016.

    Today, confusion at the DCC website with regards to further submissions – given two updates provided.

    The first said, in effect, that the closing date for further submissions would be put back [because of an internal stuff up] and the new closing date was going to be publicly notified. [I didn’t make a screenshot of the message]

    This was followed by another, replacing the first, which said:

    Error in Summary of Decisions Requested reports
    12/02/2016
    The Summary of Decisions Requested reports have been temporarily withdrawn from the website due to a technical error in exporting data. In the interim please use the search function on the Search the Submissions page to view the correct Summary of Decisions Requested. Updated Summary of Decisions Requested reports will be distributed online and to libraries as soon as practically possible.

    This last made no reference to public notification of an extended closing date for further submissions.

    Given the date of issue was 12/02/2016 this suggests that by now all submitters should have been emailed individually about something having gone wrong with the process and to await further information from DCC.

    I hope the technical error which affects all those making further submissions is properly recognised and a public notice will be issued that extends the closing date for submissions.

    Otherwise I imagine the Council will leave itself open to challenge.

    Please could someone clarify how the process is to presume, and accurately.

    Kind regards

    Elizabeth Kerr

    From: Teresa Gutteridge
    Sent: Friday, 5 February 2016 3:28 p.m.
    To: Elizabeth Kerr
    Subject: Public Notice for the Summary of Decisions Requested

    Dear Elizabeth Kerr
    Dear Submitter,
    Please see the public notice for the Summary of Decisions Requested for the Proposed Second Generation Dunedin City District Plan below.
    It would be appreciated if you contacted the 2GP Team at the times and through the options laid out in the public notice rather than by responding to this email.
    Yours Sincerely

    Anna Johnson
    City Development Manager

    DCC Summary of Decisions Requested 5.2.16 Public Notice

    [ends]

    ██ DCC 2GP Index Page at https://2gp.dunedin.govt.nz/2gp/index.html

    Related Posts and Comments:
    8.2.16 DCC 2GP further submissions [update]
    4.2.16 2GP commissioner appears to tell Council outcome before hearings…
    3.2.16 DCC 2GP Hearings Panel
    22.12.15 DCC consultation warped | inaccessible Proposed 2GP ‘eplan’
    9.12.15 Otago Regional Council hammers DCC’s proposed 2GP
    19.11.15 DCC Conditions: Extensions for public submissions (2GP)
    19.11.15 DCC Proposed 2GP ridiculousness: formatting + plan content
    16.11.15 DCC operating deficit $1M worse than budget
    11.11.15 Letter to DCC chief executive re extension for public submissions…
    9.11.15 Letter to DCC chief executive re Proposed 2GP hearings panel
    24.10.15 DCC and the AWFUL 2GP ‘threat of THREATS’
    12.10.15 DCC Proposed 2GP (district plan) —DEFEND YOUR PROPERTY
    3.10.15 DCC: Public Notice Draft 2GP + “Community Presentations”
    3.10.15 DCC appointees to draft 2GP panel #greenasgrass #infatuation
    2.10.15 DCC Draft 2GP hearings panel lacks FULL INDEPENDENCE
    30.10.15 DCC 2GP molasses and the dreadful shooflies (You)
    28.9.15 Message to DCC: The People can’t deal with your 2GP documentation…
    26.9.15 DCC: Proposed 2GP to line pockets of cowboy developers #FIGHTDIRTY

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    7 Comments

    Filed under Business, DCC, Democracy, District Plan, Dunedin, Economics, Name, New Zealand, People, Politics, Project management, Proposed 2GP, Resource management, Town planning, Travesty, Urban design

    DCC 2GP further submissions [update]

    Updated post
    Mon, 15 Feb 2016 at 5:36 p.m. Last updated 10:59 p.m.

    Two updates were issued today by DCC on the 2GP further submission process.

    In the first, DCC said it had withdrawn the 2GP Summary of Decisions, and the closing date for further submissions would be put back and publicly notified.

    The second update made no reference to the closing date or public notification:

    DCC says: Error in Summary of Decisions Requested reports
    12/02/2016
    The Summary of Decisions Requested reports have been temporarily withdrawn from the website due to a technical error in exporting data. In the interim please use the search function on the Search the Submissions page to view the correct Summary of Decisions Requested. Updated Summary of Decisions Requested reports will be distributed online and to libraries as soon as practically possible.

    Awaiting clarification and advice from DCC.

    2GP logo 2Have your say
    IGNORE THIS DATE – The Further submission period is open from Wednesday, 10 February to Friday, 26 February.

    What can a further submission cover?
    A further submission can only be made in support or opposition to a point raised in an original submission on the 2GP.

    Who can make a further submission?
    The RMA limits who can make further submissions to:
    ● any person representing a relevant aspect of the public interest
    ● any person that has an interest in the proposed plan greater than the interest that the general public has
    ● the local authority (the Dunedin City Council).

    It provides an opportunity for people who may be affected by an original submission to have their views considered. You do not have to have made an original submission to participate. If you have made an original submission you do not need to repeat submission points made in that submission as they will already be considered.

    Summary of decisions requested
    The Summaries of Decisions Requested are a concise summary of the decisions requested in the submissions on the 2GP which closed on 24 November 2015. It is not the full or exact content of submissions. It is prepared to enable the further submission process which is set out in Schedule 1 of the RMA.

    █ The Summary of Decisions Requested and copies of all submissions will be available from midday Tuesday, 9 February.

    Hard copies of the Summary of Decisions Requested reports will also be available for inspection at:
    ● 2GP drop-in centre, 11 George Street, Dunedin, 10am to 3pm, Monday to Friday
    ● public libraries and/or service centres at Dunedin, Middlemarch, Mosgiel, Port Chalmers, Blueskin Bay (Waitati) and Waikouaiti.

    Submissions Map
    The submissions map indicates the spatial location of submissions seeking a change to the proposed zoning (management zones only not overlay zones), new heritage precincts, or changes to scheduled items. It reflects the information in the submission point address field of the Summary of Decisions Requested reports. Through pop-ups, the map provides links to relevant submissions.

    DISCLAIMER: This map has been prepared as an aid for people wanting to understand the scope of submissions related to an area. The accuracy and completeness of this information is not guaranteed and people should read original submissions. In some cases, the information contained in submissions was not detailed enough to accurately map the scope of the submission. In these cases, the mapping has been either omitted or approximated where possible.

    How do I make a further submission?

    Online submissions
    The RMA requires further submissions to be in a prescribed form (Form 6). An easy way to make a submission is using the 2GP on-line submission system, which ensures submissions are in the prescribed form and allows you to link to specific submission points

    Other ways to make a submission
    Hard copies of the submission form and submission guidelines can be downloaded below or paper copies can be picked up at the 2GP drop-in centre or from the DCC Customer Services Agency located on the ground floor of the Civic Centre at 50 The Octagon, Dunedin.

    For written submissions
    Post to: Further submission on Proposed Second Generation Dunedin City District Plan, Dunedin City Council, PO Box 5045, Dunedin 9058

    Deliver to: Customer Services Agency, Dunedin City Council, Ground Floor, 50 The Octagon, Dunedin

    Email to: districtplan @ dcc.govt.nz

    Serving a copy of further submissions on submitters
    IMPORTANT: Any person making a further submission must serve a copy of that further submission on the person who made the original submission no later than five working days after lodging the further submission with the DCC. A copy of the addresses for service for all submitters is provided in the Submitter Details Report.

    DCC 2GP Have Your Say Page
    DCC 2GP Index Page

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    █ For more at What if? Dunedin, enter the term *2gp* in the search box at right.

    10 Comments

    Filed under Architecture, Business, Climate change, Construction, Cycle network, DCC, Democracy, Design, District Plan, Dunedin, Economics, Geography, Heritage, Infrastructure, New Zealand, NZTA, People, Pet projects, Politics, Project management, Property, Proposed 2GP, Resource management, Site, South Dunedin, Tourism, Town planning, Transportation, Urban design

    2GP commissioner appears to tell Council the outcome before hearings commence #hazardzones

    David Benson-Pope [dunedintv.co.nz] 1.jpgCr David Benson-Pope is the chairman of the council’s Planning and Regulatory Committee.

    This week Benson-Pope has been named as one of the councillor hearing commissioners for the Proposed 2GP.

    At the full Council meeting held on Monday, 30 November last year, this report was tabled:

    Report – Council – 30/11/2015 (PDF, 553.9 KB)
    Infrastructure Performance During June 2015 Flood Event

    In discussion of the item, Councillors provided individual views on low-lying land, flood conditions and future assistance for affected property owners.

    Cr Benson-Pope was observed to say:
    (confirmed by today’s YouTube release of the video record of the meeting)

    2:54:38
    “It is this Council’s policy that sea level rise and global warming exist, and I don’t think it’s useful for Councillors to keep propagating the myth that it’s all someone’s fantasy.”

    Cr Benson-Pope continued:

    2:58:47
    “The other issue around this, of course …. is the fact that a lot of these issues are already being addressed in an incremental way over a longer term by the discussions that are happening now as part of the second generation plan, and I am hopeful as we all should be that the regulations and suggestions that are incorporated in that document will hold through the public process, so that management of the issue can be as good as it possibly can.”

    Dunedin City Council Published on Dec 7, 2015
    Dunedin City Council – Council Meeting – November 30 2015

    Cr Benson-Pope appears to be telling the Mayor and Councillors, and the general public, what in his view the outcome of the review of the district plan (2GP) should be.

    Like the seasoned politician he is I expect the Councillor will look to the symantics and tell us that was not at all the impression he intended to give in the heat of the moment.

    But, People, he said it. Let’s think about that. Predetermined.

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    16 Comments

    Filed under Business, Climate change, Construction, DCC, Democracy, District Plan, Dunedin, Economics, Geography, Heritage, Infrastructure, Media, Name, New Zealand, People, Politics, Property, Proposed 2GP, Resource management, Site, Town planning, Urban design, What stadium

    DCC 2GP Hearings Panel

    Received.
    Wed, 3 Feb 2016 at 4:21 p.m.

    From: Jamie Shaw [DCC]
    Sent: Wednesday, 3 February 2016 11:36 a.m.
    To: Council 2013-2016 (Elected Members); Community Board – Chalmers 2013-2016; Community Board – Mosgiel Taieri 2013-2016; Community Board – Otago Peninsula 2013-2016; Community Board – Saddle Hill 2013-2016; Community Board – Strath Taieri 2013-2016; Community Board – Waikouaiti Coast 2013-2016
    Cc: Executive Leadership Team (ELT); Anna Johnson; Ann Rodgers; Teresa Gutteridge; Kristy Rusher
    Subject: Media Release – Independent commissioners appointed to 2GP Hearings Panel

    Good morning all,

    Please find attached a media release announcing the appointment of the independent commissioners on the Proposed Dunedin City District Plan Hearings Panel.

    We will be issuing another media release on Friday, outlining the 2GP further submissions process.

    This release will be sent to media shortly.

    Best regards,

    Jamie Shaw
    Senior Communications Advisor, Communications and Marketing
    Dunedin City Council

    (1) Attachment: [click to enlarge]

    [DCC] MR 2GP Independent Commissioners appointed 3.2.16

    █ Download: MR 2GP Independent Commissioners appointed (DOCX, 50KB)

    ### dunedintv.co.nz Wed, 3 Feb 2016
    Outside experts hired for city planning
    The city council is using independent commissioners from out of town to hear submissions on the proposed new district plan. Two experts, from Nelson and Banks Peninsula, have been appointed to the hearings panel. They’re due to consider all information and submissions presented on the second generation plan. Four councillors are also on the committee, which will begin the hearings process in late April. The council’s not saying how much it’ll cost to have commissioners from outside the city involved. They’ve both got decades of experience in the planning sector and have worked with other councils. Hearings for the local plan are expected to run for several months.
    Ch39 Video

    Related Post and Comments:
    9.11.15 Letter to DCC chief executive re Proposed 2GP hearings panel

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

    22 Comments

    Filed under Business, DCC, Democracy, District Plan, Dunedin, Name, New Zealand, Politics, Project management, Proposed 2GP, Resource management

    Santa Cull’s idea of standing orders 14.12.15 #xmasface

    Santa Dave's xmas present to Cr Vandervis 14.12.15 Council meetingMr Cull to Cr Vandervis: “You, sir, are a liar. Now leave.” [screenshot]

    Texts received from Lee Vandervis
    Tue, 15 Dec 2015 at 7:48 a.m.

    █ Message: Feel free to publicly contrast what I said to ODT reporter Chris Morris with what he said I said on today’s front page.

    Lee, just checking – you planning on take big any action over the mayors comments today? Chris @ ODT

    Not planning any action over Mayoral comments today because action over Mayor Cull previously defaming me as shonky’ finally got an unreserved apology from him but cost a lot of time and ratepayers money as did the farcical Code of Conduct sideshow. Shame that after all the evidence that I have provided especially what has been confirmed regarding my 2011 Citifleet allegations, that our new Procurement Policy still has not resulted in an independent Procurement manager position to oversee all individual managers’ contracting behaviour . Unfortunately my email programme died last Thursday and is still inoperative. Cheers Lee

    REAL TIME
    Otago Daily Times Published on Dec 14, 2015
    Councillor Lee Vandervis asked to leave a DCC meeting

    Exchange erupts on discussion of DCC’s new procurement policy and ‘historical’ kickbacks.

    ### ODT Online Tue, 15 Dec 2015
    Cull, Vandervis cross swords at council meeting (+ video)
    By Chris Morris
    A furious bust-up saw Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull call Cr Lee Vandervis a liar and order him to leave yesterday’s Dunedin City Council meeting. The extraordinary scene saw both men on their feet, their voices raised as they roared over the top of each other, before Cr Vandervis packed up in silence and left with a parting shot.
    Read more

    Report – Council – 14/12/2015 (PDF, 143.8 KB)
    Procurement Policy (Proposed), December 2015

    Related Posts and Comments:
    14.12.15 Epere arrested
    14.12.15 ORC, DCC – must be the season, minus goodwill, plus fear! and generous pay!

    Posted by Elizabeth Kerr (elf)

    36 Comments

    Filed under Business, Citifleet, Construction, CST, Cycle network, DCC, DCHL, DCTL, Delta, Democracy, District Plan, Dunedin, DVL, DVML, Economics, Enterprise Dunedin, Hot air, Infrastructure, Media, Name, New Zealand, Ngai Tahu, NZRU, NZTA, OAG, OCA, Offshore drilling, Ombudsman, ORFU, People, Police, Politics, Pools, Project management, Property, Proposed 2GP, Resource management, SFO, Site, Sport, Stadiums, Tourism, Town planning, Transportation, Urban design