Otago Museum: Development plans

New star director on a spending trajectory, more user charges coming…
Remember when we just wanted our museum collections properly indexed, made searchable, accessible and displayed more readily’ —soon as possible?
Now the establishment wants expensive ‘add-ins’. But this is a great idea!

### ODT Online Sun, 3 Aug 2014
Planetarium in city’s stars?
By Daisy Hudson
Astronomers and lovers of all things galactic could soon be converging on the Otago Museum, as plans for a planetarium move ahead. The planetarium is included in plans for the redevelopment of Discovery World but has yet to be signed off by the museum’s board. […] The museum was confident it would be able to find the funding for the planetarium […] they would have a clear idea about whether the proposal would go ahead, as well as of potential designs, by the end of August. The redevelopment is set to take about two years, with a grand opening scheduled for mid-2016.
Read more

Planetarium Brussels [barco.com] Planetarium Brussels [barco.com]

Side-section of new Peter Harrison Planetarium, Greenwich [britsattheirbest.com]Side-section of the Peter Harrison Planetarium [Allies and Morrison Architects]

With close to one million visits being made to the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and public demand increasing, the Observatory decided to attempt a spectacular development that would feature new galleries about modern astronomy and time, the Lloyds Register Education Centre, and a planetarium. “Through the avenue of trees, partially pushed into the ground, stands a bronze-coated cone, enriched by what looks like a patina of age, topped with a lens of reflective glass” (Telegraph). The Peter Harrison Planetarium opened in spring 2007. Public, corporate, and private sources contributed £15 million to the project. (via Brits At Their Best: Sharing the Inheritance)

█ For more images of planetariums, do this Google search.

Morrison Planetarium (San Francisco, Ca) screenshotMorrison Planetarium (San Francisco, California) [calacademy.org]

The Morrison Planetarium is the largest all-digital dome in the world with a 75-foot diameter projection screen tilted at a 30 degree angle. Thanks to immersive video technology, the dome seems to disappear when imagery is projected onto it, creating an experience more like flying than watching a movie.

Posted by Elizabeth Kerr

33 Comments

Filed under Architecture, Business, Construction, Design, Economics, Innovation, Inspiration, Media, Museums, Name, New Zealand, People, Pics, Politics, Project management, Property, Site, University of Otago, What stadium

33 responses to “Otago Museum: Development plans

  1. Hype O'Thermia

    For once I can see this being a genuine asset, even a tourist attraction.
    The clear skies of, darn it, can’t remember the area – over Otematata way isn’t it? – where conditions are uncommonly good for night sky watchers plus a damn fine planetarium under the direction of current Museum director Dr Griffin, a man who knows what he’s on about, would seriously appeal to a niche market. I see that kind of tourism as much more likely to be an ongoing go-er than generic “tourist attractions”. The numbers may be small, but those people know what they want and they REALLY want it, they’re not going to decide, no, there’s a great deal on accommodation in Cairns or Chichester. Dunedin isn’t set up for sudden huge mobs such as the (thanks Malcolm for the Vision) influxes for sports matches and rock concerts. That’s boom-bust stuff. Steady and steadily increasing trickles of people with a fascination for something they can do/see here, that isn’t like something else where, is what will drive success.
    On average each passionate star-gazer is likely to have a partner/kid who will want to have other experiences while they are here. As long as they all have an enjoyable time and people keep being friendly they’ll speak well of Dunedin. Nothing beats personal recommendations.

  2. Elizabeth

    Mt John Observatory aerial Apr07 [phys.canterbury.ac.nz] 2Mt John Observatory [firstlighttravel.com]Mt John Observatory cafe [tekapotourism.co.nz]Mt John Observatory [gorentals.co.nz]Good afternoonLocal Mackenzie photographer Fraser Gunn has taken

    Mt John Observatory photo sources: (from top) phys.canterbury.ac.nz (aerial landscape – click to enlarge); firstlighttravel.com; tekapotourism.co.nz (café); gorentals.co.nz; nztravel.com.au (image by local Mackenzie photographer Fraser Gunn)

    █ More images of the Mt John Observatory here.

  3. Hype O'Thermia

    Given the ease of flying to Christchurch and Queenstown it would be reasonable for people visiting the Mt John observatory not to visit Dunedin at all. The Museum’s planetarium could change that. Pity the DCC is running on empty thanks to a bizarre history of insane decisions, including the terms and conditions of the previous Museum director’s employment.

  4. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Fri, 15 Aug 2014
    Museum celebrates ‘proud history’ of philanthropy
    By John Gibb
    Intensive work is continuing behind the scenes at the Otago Museum, to complete preparations for the museum’s planned ”Gifts and Legacies” exhibition, which opens tomorrow. About 45 benefactor stories are told as part of the show, which celebrates the museum’s ”proud history of patronage and philanthropy”.
    Read more

    ● The exhibition at the museum’s Special Exhibitions Gallery runs until November 23.

  5. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Thu, 12 Feb 2015
    $3.25m science centre for Dunedin
    By Online ODT
    A $3.25 million science engagement centre is to be created at Otago Museum. Otago Museum Trust Board chairman Graham Crombie said the new centre for science engagement would include a digital immersive planetarium, the redevelopment of Discovery World, the renovation of educational suites and the creation of a dedicated science communication team to staff the centre.
    Read more

    ● Details in tomorrow’s ODT

    ****

    ### dunedintv.co.nz February 12, 2015 – 7:26pm
    Planned Otago Museum development gives stargazers something to look forward to
    Millions of dollars is being pumped into Otago Museum, for the development of a science centre. Staff have just revealed details of the project, set to begin this year. And it’s giving Dunedin stargazers a lot to look forward to.
    Video

  6. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Fri, 13 Feb 2015
    State-of-art planetarium planned for museum
    By John Gibb
    Details of a $3.25 million plan to redevelop the Otago Museum’s popular Discovery World science centre, adding a state-of the art planetarium, were announced yesterday. Otago Museum Trust Board chairman Graham Crombie told a community briefing meeting about moves to create a new overall ”centre for science engagement” at the museum. This included installing a ”digital immersive planetarium”, the redevelopment of Discovery World and the creation of a dedicated science communication team to staff the centre.
    Read more

  7. Sally

    Question is then Mike. Why do they need continual handouts from the ratepayers if as you say they have been saving up rather than debt financing ?

    • Mike

      I’m not saying they are not using tax money here just that they are being rather more prudent in the way they are using it, they are not committing the ratepayers to millions in debt repayment over and above the money they are planning on spending.

      Rugby and the DCC should have saved up over several decades to build the stadium if they had wanted to do it responsibly, that would have earned interest along the way and saved a couple of hundred million of mortgage interest along the way. I think this is the sort of thinking we should be encouraging. Sadly, neither rugby officials nor local body politicians do delayed gratification particularly well.

  8. Hype O'Thermia

    Sally, they probably work with old-fashioned dollars, the ones you can either spend
    (i.e. use wisely without waste, or fritter away on short-term gratification)
    OR save
    (i.e. keep aside for a future need such as major development or predictable repairs/replacement).

    As ratepayers we (should) maintain in good condition the city’s infrastructure and its educational, cultural and recreational facilities that exist for the benefit of all who choose to use them, as well as the reputation of the city as a place to live in, visit, and do business. If any sector can improve its performance to the extent that it can save money then invest it in improvements I am rapt!

    The alternative is, spend all their “handout” – note there is no cut-back for evidence of wasteful spending – then use the fact they have $0.00 left at the end of the year as justification for asking for a bigger grant next time.

  9. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Sun, 15 Mar 2015
    Sky’s the limit for science engagement
    By John Gibb
    Otago is a province with a rich history of establishing firsts. We have led the way in many fields and that tradition continues. Researchers at the University of Otago are attracting international attention and some have been granted millions of dollars for cutting-edge projects. What are they up to?
    The night sky holds a special place in the heart of Dr Ian Griffin. The Otago Museum director has a PhD in astronomy, and is a keen astronomer. You might say he’s used to stargazing at the universe, seeking to unlock almost unimaginable possibilities and mysteries. But these days Dr Griffin’s heightened focus is directed more towards his work, strengthening the museum’s research, and its research communication. But it’s not pie in the sky. He wants to do more to inspire youngsters to get involved in cutting-edge science and technology – something he believes is vital for Dunedin’s economic future. It is also crucial to the development of more new lucrative high-tech firms.
    Read more

  10. Elizabeth

    ### dunedintv.co.nz July 9, 2015 – 6:38pm
    Otago Museum staff preparing to take locals on journey through space
    Otago Museum staff are preparing to take locals on a journey through space. A mini-planetarium is being installed, as staff create shows for the full-size complex. And virtual reality equipment’s being used to speed things along.
    Video

  11. Elizabeth

    RainDogGR Uploaded on Jan 1, 2010
    Headless Chickens – Mr. Moon
    “Mr. Moon” by Headless Chickens from the “Body Blow” album (1991)

    ohnoitisnathan15 Published on Jan 26, 2016
    Strawpeople – Under the Milky Way
    Strawpeople Under the Milky Way. 1994 single charting at #113 in Australia in 1996. From the album ‘Broadcast’. Vocals by Stephanie Tueavihi. A cover of a song originally performed by The Church. Official music video 90s, tonight wish I knew what you were looking for. ohnoitisnathan

    █ Great photos and tweets by Ian Griffin (@iangriffin)
    https://twitter.com/iangriffin

    Ian Griffin twitter page 2.8.15 [screenshot]Ian Griffin twitter page 2.8.15 [screenshot]

    ASIDE —Headless Chickens perform Mr Moon at Melbourne. Video directed by Jonathon Ogilvie. Recorded while the band were taking a break from their tour with Arrested Development. View at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z9DnZ8idrHs

  12. Elizabeth

    The science gallery’s laser technology was coming from Wellington, while all construction and design was being sourced from Dunedin.

    ### ODT Online Wed, 19 Aug 2015
    Stars coming soon to museum
    By Craig Borley
    Dunedin’s cloudless starry night sky will soon be available in air-conditioned, high definition, surround-sound quality. Otago Museum’s planetarium and adjoining science gallery were bustling construction sites yesterday and both are expected to open to the public on December 5. The free-of-charge science gallery would make science fiction fact for Dunedin, with 12 interactive video stations around the 160sq m gallery being operated by laser technology, museum director Dr Ian Griffin said yesterday.
    Read more

    Coldplay Official Published on Jun 5, 2014
    Coldplay – A Sky Full Of Stars (from Ghost Stories Live 2014)
    Taken from the new concert film & live album: DVD/CD/Blu-ray: http://smarturl.it/Live2014, iTunes: http://smarturl.it/Live2014iTunes

    More ‘stars’ and imaginings from Cold Play’s album Ghost Stories…..

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 30, 2011
    Coldplay – Yellow
    Music: “Yellow” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 30, 2011
    Coldplay – Talk
    Music: “Talk” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 30, 2011
    Coldplay – Trouble
    Music: “Trouble” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 30, 2011
    Coldplay – Strawberry Swing
    Music: “Strawberry Swing” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 27, 2011
    Coldplay – God Put A Smile Upon Your Face
    Music: “God Put a Smile Upon Your Face” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on May 27, 2011
    Coldplay – Speed Of Sound
    Music: “Speed Of Sound” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    Coldplay Official Uploaded on Nov 30, 2010
    Coldplay – Christmas Lights
    Music: “Christmas Lights” by Coldplay (Google Play • iTunes)

    ██ Follow Coldplay ~
    Website: http://www.coldplay.com
    Twitter: https://twitter.com/coldplay
    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/coldplay
    Instagram: http://instagram.com/coldplay
    Google+: http://instagram.com/coldplay
    Tumblr: http://coldplay.tumblr.com/
    VK: https://vk.com/coldplay

  13. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Fri, 21 Aug 2015
    Pair make light work of awards
    By Timothy Brown
    Two Dunedin boys have discovered the best place to view the night sky in the city, collecting accolades and praise in the process. Kavanagh College pupils Campbell MacDade and Archie Campbell (both 11) won the premier award in the 2015 Aurora Otago Science and Technology Fair for their project on light pollution in Dunedin.
    Read more

    █ Best places to view the Milky Way in Dunedin are Hoopers Inlet and Tunnel Beach.

  14. Elizabeth

    ### dunedintv.co.nz Friday, October 2, 2015
    New sponsorship deal allows children to tour space
    Children from around the lower South Island are being offered the chance to tour space. They’re the beneficiaries of a sponsorship deal involving Otago Museum. And it could lead them on an exciting career path.
    Ch39 Link

    39 Dunedin Television Published on Oct 1, 2015
    New sponsorship deal allows children to tour space

    ****

    Sheer brilliance !!!

    ### ODT Online Fri, 2 Oct 2015
    Sponsor helps museum reach for the stars
    By John Gibb
    Statutory trust company Perpetual Guardian has thrown its financial weight behind Otago Museum’s new $1 million planetarium, gaining naming rights and sponsoring an innovative “Reach for the Stars” programme. The blue chip company has provided a ”significant” but undisclosed sponsorship amount for the Perpetual Guardian Planetarium and the programme which will help bring up to 3600 youngsters from rural or low-decile schools to the planetarium each year for five years.
    Read more

  15. Elizabeth

    “The thing that we’ve always advised in the past is if we don’t trust the data the museum gives us, that is a problem.” –Sue Bidrose, DCC chief executive

    ### ODT Online Sat, 24 Oct 2015
    Otago Museum numbers inflated
    By John Gibb and Chris Morris
    The Otago Museum has admitted counting errors previously inflated annual visitor numbers in 2013-14 by 65%. The museum has blamed a software problem for significantly overestimating its much-touted attendance figures. […] Museum director Dr Ian Griffin said counting visitors was an art as well as a science, and annual attendance numbers remained an estimate. He did not wish to comment on what had happened before he became museum director in 2013.
    Read more

    Numbers cut (via ODT)
    2013-14 attendance: 509,000
    Revised attendance: 307,502

    ### ODT Online Sat, 24 Oct 2015
    Museum may buy aerial lift platform
    Otago Museum officials are investigating options for buying an external aerial lift platform. Such a lift would help reduce the need to use ladders around the museum for lighting and other building maintenance tasks.
    Read more

  16. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Fri, 13 Nov 2015
    Reaching out
    By John Gibb
    Otago Museum director Dr Ian Griffin takes a close look at an image of the International Space Station displayed at the museum’s new Perpetual Guardian Planetarium, which opens to the public next month. The $1.1 million planetarium would provide the public with a state-of-the-art insight into the latest in science communication, Dr Griffin said.
    Read more

    █ The planetarium opens to the public on 5 December.

    Otago Daily Times Published on Nov 11, 2015
    Otago Museum Planetarium
    Otago Museum director Dr Ian Griffin takes us inside the Museum’s new planetarium

    ****

    ### ODT Online Thu, 12 Nov 2015
    Otago Museum head wins big prize
    By John Gibb
    Otago Museum director Ian Griffin has become the first person from the museum sector to win the Prime Minister’s Science Media Communication Prize. A self-described evangelist for astronomy and the night sky, Dr Griffin received the $100,000 prize from Prime Minister John Key at Te Papa in Wellington yesterday.
    Read more

    ● English-born Dr Griffin is an honorary research fellow at the University of Otago’s physics department, and has 25 years’ experience as a researcher and leader of institutions that champion science.

  17. Elizabeth

    █ Programme recruiting children

    ODT: Ball rolling in city’s space programme
    Like the birth of the universe, the Dunedin Space Programme has arrived with a big bang. The programme was designed to get children enjoying science and was riding a wave of popularity for astronomy.
    http://www.odt.co.nz/video/news/dunedin/363019/getting-ball-rolling

  18. Elizabeth

    Southern Sky Aurora 8.40am. Photo by Ian GriffinSouthern Sky Aurora 8:40am. Photo: Ian Griffin

    ### radionz.co.nz Sun, 15 Nov 2015
    RNZ National – Sunday Morning with Wallace
    8:40 Ian Griffin – Popular Science
    Dr Ian Griffin, believes museums are much more than a place to keep our treasures – museum staff around the country are researching New Zealand’s natural history, science and culture and inspiring visitors to take an interest in the world around them. Ian Griffin is the Director of Otago Museum which is investing $3.5 million on ways to engage the public with science – including building the world’s southernmost planetarium. Ian Griffin this week won the $100,000 Prime Minister’s Science Media Communication Prize. He’s also a keen astronomer and is involved in a project providing early warnings of aurora displays.
    Audio | Download: Ogg  |  MP3 ( 14′ :15″ )

    Item Link

  19. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Sat, 5 Dec 2015
    Outer space closer at new planetarium
    By John Gibb
    Big dreams began to come true at the Otago Museum last night, with Nasa astronaut Colonel Rex Walheim (retired) formally opening the museum’s $1 million Perpetual Guardian Planetarium. […] Otago Museum Trust Board chairman Graham Crombie told more than 200 invited guests, including Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull and Otago Regional Council chairman Stephen Woodhead, that the launch function marked not only the opening of the planetarium, but also of the nearby Beautiful Science Gallery, with its innovative laser interactive technology.
    Read more

  20. Elizabeth

    Beautiful Science Gallery proves hit with futuristic “laser gesture control system” thrusting visitors into ‘science fiction’ environment.

    ### ODT Online Wed, 6 Jan 2016
    Ambitious science gallery a sellout success
    By Craig Borley
    Big ambitions have met with sellout success at Otago Museum’s Perpetual Guardian Planetarium over its first month. The $1million planetarium and adjacent Beautiful Science Gallery opened on December 5 and had been packed with happy punters since, museum director Dr Ian Griffin said yesterday.
    Read more

    • Elizabeth

      Off topic.
      With the emphasis on Beautiful Science it seems pertinent to think about what Dunedin contributes to marine science.

      Yesterday ODT gave prominence to GLORIFYING youth catching sharks off the wharf. In a fury I penned a comment to ODT Online which I thought rational given my temperature! Probably it has gone in the bin at the newspaper. But I note no publication of Online comments all day today. Odd.

      http://www.odt.co.nz/news/dunedin/368882/teens-land-two-sharks-wharf

      Spoil sports
      Submitted by ej kerr on Tue, 05/01/2016 – 6:20pm.

      Remind me again why we feel the need to kill sharks, not let them live freely in their natural habitat. And the fact that one was not enough?! Perhaps some conservational education is in order, not trophy thinking. A (local) suggestion: New Zealand Marine Studies Centre.

      Yes. Well aware I’m a spoil sport. Who am I to scold our proud innocent youth. Me, that’s who.

  21. Elizabeth

    Closing weekend of “Einstein: 100 Years of the Theory of General Relativity” exhibition at Otago Museum

    ### ODT Online Mon, 18 Jan 2016
    Space plus time equals T-shirts
    By John Lewis
    Time and space may have moved on, but Iris Gallagher will always have a memento of the day she celebrated the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. […] The exhibition was developed with the University of Otago’s department of mathematics and statistics, in association with the University’s Centre for Science Communication and the Otago Museum.
    Read more

  22. Elizabeth

    ### dunedintelevision.co.nz Friday, January 15, 2016
    Planetarium to expand horizons
    Visitors to Otago Museum this Summer have had their eyes towards the skies. The $1M Planetarium has been a sellout success with visitors of all ages. But staff say there’s even more to look forward to on the horizon.
    Ch39 + Video

    █ 7000 visitors to the Planetarium in its first month.

  23. Elizabeth

    ### ODT Online Thu, 21 Jan 2016
    Researchers may have found ninth planet
    The solar system may host a ninth planet that is about 10 times bigger than Earth and orbiting far beyond Neptune, according to new research. Computer simulations show that the mystery planet, if it exists, would orbit about 50 times farther away from the sun than Earth, said astronomers with the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.
    Read more

    Planet Nine [Image by Caltech-R. Hurt (IPAC)]Distant view from Planet Nine back towards the sun.
    Image: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC)

    ****

    ### The New Yorker 20 Jan 2016
    Discovering Planet Nine
    By Alan Burdick
    Very briefly some years ago, Mike Brown discovered the tenth planet in the solar system. This was in 2005; Brown, an astronomer at Caltech, had spotted an object that officially became known as Eris (he preferred the nickname Xena). Eris was about as big as Pluto, which was still a planet back then, and it orbited the sun at a distance nearly three times greater.
    But the existence of Eris raised troubling questions, such as: What’s a planet, exactly? And if Eris is a planet, why not also various other small spheres that orbit the sun? In the end, the International Astronomical Union categorized Eris as a dwarf planet—a polite phrase for “not a planet at all”—and, with Brown’s encouragement, Pluto was demoted, too. Instead of ten planets, the solar system now had eight.
    Brown still gets letters and late-night obscene calls from people who miss having a ninth planet, but he has no regrets. (In 2010, he wrote a book called “How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming.”) Last week he told me, “When all this happened, ten years ago, people would say, ‘Are there any other planets out there?’ And I would say, ‘Nope, that’s it. There are just eight planets, and we’ll never have any more.’ ”
    Brown now thinks he was wrong. Today, in The Astronomical Journal, Brown and his colleague Konstantin Batygin have published a paper with the title “Evidence for a Distant Giant Planet in the Solar System,” in which they make a persuasive case that there actually is a ninth planet out there. They have not observed it directly, only inferred its presence from the behavior of a handful of faraway objects, which have been caught in its gravitational sway. After more than a year of watching, calculating, and conducting computer simulations, Brown and Batygin write, “We motivate the existence of a distant, eccentric perturber.”
    Read more

    Planet Nine. Burdick-Discovering-Planet-Nine-chart-690 [Image by Caltech-R. Hurt (IPAC)]Burdick-Discovering-Planet-Nine-chart-690.
    Image: Caltech-R/Hurt (IPAC)

    SOURCE

    The Astronomical Journal, Volume 151, Number 2
    █ EVIDENCE FOR A DISTANT GIANT PLANET IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM
    By Konstantin Batygin and Michael E. Brown
    20 January 2016. The American Astronomical Society.
    http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/22

  24. Elizabeth

    Sat, 28 May 2016
    ODT: $500k museum science centre boost
    The Otago Museum can press ahead to create a new-look “world-class” science centre, thanks to a $500,000 grant from the Otago Community Trust. Museum director Dr Ian Griffin made the comment yesterday, after the grant for the museum’s Discovery World Stage Two science centre project was announced. […] The redeveloped centre will include more than 40 interactive displays, a separate Discovery Den for under-5s and a mobile exploration station to engage visitors in impromptu learning opportunities. The science centre rebuild would begin at the end of August, Dr Griffin said.

  25. Elizabeth

    Sun, 3 Jul 2016 [via The Star]
    ODT: Planetarium drawing in the crowds
    More than 22,000 tickets have been purchased for shows at the Perpetual Guardian Planetarium since it opened seven months ago, Otago Museum director Ian Griffin says. Dr Griffin said it was an impressive feat for a 51-seat venue.

    █ Public interest in the night sky also stretches further than the planetarium to the Dunedin Astronomical Society, whose membership numbers have increased in the last few months.

    █ 2000 planetariums around the globe; five in New Zealand – Dunedin, Auckland, Wellington, Napier and Mount Cook.

  26. Hype O'Thermia

    Hasn’t the Museum sky-rocketed since Ian Griffin was appointed! Well done that man.

  27. Hype O'Thermia

    Pity about all those years of waste.

  28. Elizabeth

    Planetarium hosts five shows over its first year, “Marama a-Whetu”, “The Sky Tonight”, “Spacetronauts”, “Invaders of Mars” and “Amazing Universe”, and a sixth, “We Are Stars”, is upcoming.

    Sun, 4 Dec 2016
    ODT: Planetarium stars in year of successes
    The Perpetual Guardian Planetarium is set to celebrate its first anniversary on Monday. Otago Museum chief executive Ian Griffin said it had been a successful first year for the $1 million facility, with audience numbers exceeding staff expectations. Marketing manager Sarah Jones said more than 31,000 people had visited the planetarium since it had opened. That figure did not include educational groups and after-hours screenings. Cont/

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