Monthly Archives: April 2010

RWC 2011 ticket applications

### Updated at 1:04pm on 30 April 2010
World Cup ticket applications reached 325,000
Rugby fans worldwide have applied for 325,000 tickets worth over $55 million for next year’s World Cup in New Zealand. Rugby New Zealand 2011 chief executive Martin Snedden says that’s the equivalent of filling the redeveloped Eden Park more than five times over. The figure includes 190,000 tickets applied for since applications to the general public opened on Tuesday. The figure does not include 85,000 tickets already sold as part of the official travel and hospitality packages.
RNZ Link


### Updated at 6:37am on 30 April 2010
Work being found for Maori wardens at Rugby World Cup
Police are considering how they can use Maori wardens to help with any extra work associated with the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Superintendent Grant O’Fee, who’s in charge of police planning, says wardens and police are working more closely after a police-led training programme. He told Waatea News it makes sense to include them in planning for the cup. Some districts are more advanced than others and the response from Maori wardens has been extremely positive.
RNZ Link

Post by Elizabeth Kerr


Filed under Economics, Events, Geography, Project management, Sport, Stadiums

Local body elections: stadium proponent out of the race

### ODT Online Fri, 30 Apr 2010
Cairns not seeking further council term
By Rebecca Fox
Otago Regional Council chairman Stephen Cairns will not be standing in the local body elections in October. Mr Cairns, who has spent three terms on the regional council, two of those as chairman, has decided to stand down to concentrate his “energies” on his role as branch manager of Colliers International, a commercial real estate consultancy.

He was proud of the part he played in the Forsyth Barr Stadium process and “would not have done anything different”.

Read more

Post by Elizabeth Kerr


Filed under Geography, Politics, Stadiums

China’s largest stadium under construction


@inhabitat Construction has begun on a gigantic flower-shaped stadium that will be the largest in China.


### 27/04/10
Comment by william rogan, shenzhen, china
good reporting on yet another dreadful chinese colossus: airplane architecture par excellence. can you imagine yourself as one of the ants finding your way across this site, a searing griddle?

See editorial at WAN:
Olympic-sized stadium is the largest planned for construction within the next decade

Post by Elizabeth Kerr

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Filed under Architecture, Construction, Design, Economics, Geography, Site, Sport, Stadiums, Urban design

DCC Media Release – RWC 2011

Dunedin City Council
Media Release

500 Days And Counting…

Tomorrow, Tuesday, 27 April, marks 500 days until the beginning of Rugby World Cup 2011, and planning is well underway.

Dunedin is familiar with the requirements of staging national and international events. Rugby World Cup 2011, however, sets a new standard and the Dunedin City Council, under direction from Rugby World Cup 2011 and NZ 2011, is well down the track in the nuts and bolts preparation for this tournament, working closely with the Otago Rugby Football Union, Tourism Dunedin and Otago Stadium.

The group has formed 13 steering groups to ensure nothing slips between the cracks. DCC Marketing and Communications Manager, Debra Simes, says, “From city beautification to traffic management, from training grounds to team hosting, the DCC, through these steering groups, will plan so that Dunedin is fully prepared and makes the most of the huge opportunities that the world’s third largest sporting tournament presents.”

The events calendar is beginning to fill up, with planning for the proposed Fan Zone in the Octagon and an eclectic range of Dunedin-wide events in the pipeline, from Port Chalmers, where locals are investigating a seafood festival, to sports event in Middlemarch where supporters can be the players and “represent their country” for fun rather than the glory. The Celtic Arts Festival, the Last Night of the Proms and other regular Dunedin events in October are ramping up their preparation and calendars to ensure the city has events to suit everyone.

The Otago Stadium construction schedule is progressing to plan and David Davies, CEO, Dunedin Venues Management Limited, says, “Rapid progress has been made on the construction of the Otago Stadium, and we are on track for completion in August 2011, well on schedule for the Rugby World Cup 2011. The finished product will be a world class venue that the region can be proud of and an important catalyst for the city’s future development.”

Workshops are already taking place for community and business groups to learn about how they can get involved, whether in the volunteer, hospitality, business or entertainment sectors. CEO of Rugby New Zealand 2011, Martin Sneddon, will be speaking at a lunch hosted by the DCC, Otago Rugby Football Union and Chamber of Commerce to encourage and inform the business community to embrace the opportunity presented by Rugby World Cup 2011.
Contact details

Contact Kim Newman on 477 4000.

Last reviewed: 26 Apr 2010 3:39pm

Note: “Otago Stadium” was the name used before the stadium’s name sponsor was announced in 2009.

Post by Elizabeth Kerr

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Filed under Construction, DVML, Economics, Politics, Project management, Site, Sport, Stadiums, Urban design

Cycle route feasibility and city parking

### ODT Online Wed, 28 Apr 2010
Opus to investigate cycle routes
By Mark Price
Consultants have been engaged by the Dunedin City Council to explore the best route for cyclists to traverse the hills between Dunedin and Mosgiel. Acting manager transportation planning Lisa Clifford confirmed yesterday Opus International had taken up a $50,000 contract to prepare a feasibility study into possible cycle routes.
Read more


This is not a success story….

### ODT Online Wed, 28 Apr 2010
Parking debacle: DCC makes 150 changes
By David Loughrey
A raft of parking changes made in Dunedin during the past few months appears to have brought the debacle of the Dunedin City Council’s new parking strategy to a close.

An independent report would be written on the strategy’s release to discover “how we could have interacted better, so we can learn and go forward”.
-Cr Syd Brown

Read more


DCC Media Release – Parking Review Cases Settled
Last reviewed: 27 Apr 2010 12:05pm

Post by Elizabeth Kerr


Filed under Economics, Geography, Project management, Urban design

Stadium funding + “open book” for Carisbrook

### ODT Online Tue, 27 Apr 2010
Private funding may top total
By David Loughrey
Private sector funding for the Forsyth Barr Stadium, being raised by the sale of seating products, could reach $10 million more than required by the Carisbrook Stadium Trust, but the future of any extra funding, if secured, is unclear.

Council chief executive Jim Harland said if all the seating products sold, it would give DVML a stronger cash flow. If that “very happy event” occurred, there could be discussion about whether the money could be used to pay off debt more quickly.

The council will begin public consultation on the future of Carisbrook with “a completely open book”, Mayor Peter Chin said yesterday.

Read more


### ODT Online Tue, 27 Apr 2010
Countdown to kickoff
Key stakeholders brave the rain at the Forsyth Barr Stadium in Dunedin yesterday, marking today’s milestone of 500 days until the Rugby World Cup 2011 tournament begins in New Zealand.
Read more

Post by Elizabeth Kerr


Filed under Architecture, Construction, CST, Design, DVML, Economics, Politics, Project management, Site, Sport, Stadiums, Urban design

Academia’s 2cents worth

As promised (several times actually), here’s some of the 120 published academic articles I have found on stadium related issues. Not risking copyright breaches, I’ll include all the bibliographical material, an abstract and if interesting some quotes etc.

Hope these are of some interest to some. I know they won’t be to everyone’s taste, but some of these are very very interesting and add an academic context to some of the discussions we’ve been having here. Some that were published in the 1990s and I know have been redressed I’ll chase up tomorrow when on campus.

If there’s an interest I’ll create a separate page for the inclusion of these – only 100+ to go.


New Sports Stadiums, Community Self-Esteem, and Community Collective Conscience

Rick Eckstein
Villanova University

Kevin Delaney
Temple University

Sports economists have created a sizable literature on the costs and benefits of publicly funded major-league sports stadiums. This research suggests a growing consensus that stadiums provide little economic advantage for local communities. In response, some stadium supporters have modified their tactics to increasingly avoid claims of tangible economic benefits. Instead, they insist that new stadiums offer communities more intangible social benefits. These alleged intangible benefits can take many specific forms but usually have something to do with a community’s self esteem or its collective conscience. This article draws on the authors’ primary research in 10 U.S. cities that are involved in different stages of new stadium construction. The authors demonstrate how local elites socially construct ideas such as community self-esteem and community collective conscience to help them reap large amounts of public dollars for their private stadiums.

Journal of Sport & Social Issues, Vol. 26, No. 3, 235-247 (2002)
Web Link


If You Build It, We Won’t Leave:
Turner’s social drama in newspaper coverage of stadium construction controversies

Ronald Bishop
Drexel University, USA

Controversy over the construction of new professional sports stadiums has occurred with such regularity that it now amounts to a “ritual”, using the definition developed by anthropologist Victor Turner. The process that begins with a team expressing its desire for a new stadium and concludes with the construction of that stadium has all the markings of a “social drama”. Playing a key role in this social drama are print journalists working in cities where stadium controversies unfold. Using a case study approach, I explore the social drama of stadium construction in Philadelphia, New York and New England. News coverage in these markets reveals the four stages of social drama: breach, crisis, redressive action, and reintegration. Team owners manufacture the breach, with the help of government officials who do not want to see franchises move elsewhere. Crisis emerges out of negative reactions to plans for a new stadium. Team and governmental officials then use very public means to try to bring the crisis to an end. Often, they fail in this attempt, and the parties are once again enveloped in crisis. New alliances, often built on cooperation between former opponents, emerge as the parties try to end the crisis. My analysis reveals that journalists in these cities have acted as agents of reintegration. They move from criticising to endorsing these stadium projects. The narrative that emerges gives the impression that everyone agrees on the need for the new facility, and that construction, though it may be delayed while the parties come together, is inevitable. My findings can help journalists to take a critical look at their coverage of stadium controversies, and to explore the impact of the coverage on their relationship with the communities they serve.

Journalism Studies, Volume 2, Number 3, 2001, pp. 373–392


Not in my back yard! Sports stadia location and the property market

Larissa E Davies
Faculty of Development and Society, Sheffield Hallam University

In recent years sports stadia have been built in the UK, not only for their intended sporting purpose but with the twin aim of stimulating economic and physical regeneration. However, proposals to locate stadia in urban areas often prompt a negative reaction from local communities, fearing a decline in property prices. This paper will use a case study of the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff and the City of Manchester Stadium to illustrate that in contrast to this widely held belief, sports stadia can actually enhance the value of residential property. Furthermore, it will argue that stadia also contribute indirectly to property value through the creation of pride, confidence and enhanced image of an area.

Area (2005) 37.3, 268–276


Stadia tours and the power of backstage

Sean Gammon, Victoria Fear
The University of Luton

Stadia tours arguably represent the least researched area within the sport tourism literature. Consequently, this paper explores the reasons for the growth and popularity of this relatively new type of visitor attraction by suggesting its appeal is similar to non-sport related tours as outlined by Couldry’s (1998) analysis of the Granada studio tour in Manchester. It is argued that the success of a stadium tour is in its ability to promise and consequently reveal the authentic backstage. Moreover it is suggested that these types of tours illustrate (by use of a case study at the Millennium Stadium: Cardiff) the growing recognition of sports stadia being salient symbols of local, national and international heritage.

The stadium tour is fast becoming a significant part of many destinations’ tourism portfolios. Many sports stadia have evolved from being functional utilitarian buildings to places that hold meaning and instant recognition to both fans and non-fans alike (Bale, 1994; Gaffney & Bale, 2004). The global nature of sport has meant that such venues are fast becoming iconic symbols of place; drawing tourists to them in a similar manner to other more conventional attractions (John, 2002). However, at this time it is unclear what the draw is to such tours and what is typically offered on them. Consequently, this paper aims to gain a deeper understanding of the motives and experiences of visitors to stadium tours by referring to, and adapting Couldry’s (1998) study of soap fans to the Granada Studios Tour (GST) in Manchester. For added context an analysis of the Millennium stadium tour (Cardiff) will be included which will outline the tour design and explore the experiences of the tour visitor.

Journal of Sport Tourism 10(4), 2005, 243–252


Important Places and Their Public Faces: Understanding Fenway Park as a Public Symbol

Michael Ian Borer

Places are not only the settings for a culture’s myths, narratives, rituals, and ceremonies. Sometimes, they become the main characters. And people are drawn to those places where a culture’s narratives are not only told but play an important role in defining that town’s or city’s or nation’s character and identity, helping to remind them not only who they are but why who they are is important. Places act as reminders of a community’s identity, past, and present. As a public symbol, Fenway Park reminds the people of Boston who they were yesterday and who they are today.

The Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2006


Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Subsidies for Sports Franchises, Stadiums, and Mega-Events?

Dennis Coates
Department of Economics, University of Maryland

Brad R. Humphreys
Department of Economics, University of Alberta

This paper reviews the empirical literature assessing the effects of subsidies for professional sports franchises and facilities. The evidence reveals a great deal of consistency among economists doing research in this area. That evidence is that sports subsidies cannot be justified on the grounds of local economic development, income growth or job creation, those arguments most frequently used by subsidy advocates. The paper also relates survey evidence showing that economists in general oppose sports subsidies. In addition to reviewing the empirical literature, we describe the economic intuition that probably underlies the strong consensus among economists against sports subsidies.

August 2008
Working Paper Series, Paper No. 08-18
International Association of Sports Economists
North American Association of Sports Economists


Beyond the Economic Catalyst Debate: The Importance of Consumption Benefits

Charles A. Santo
The University of Memphis

A host of empirical studies have indicated that stadiums and arenas have no significant impact on metropolitan area income or employment. In light of this evidence, the continued proliferation of public investment in sports facilities begs the question: Is there some other justification for this spending, or are policymakers simply acting against the public interest (either irrationally, or in response to political-economic influences)? A possibility that has not been fully explored is the notion that stadiums and teams generate tangible and intangible consumption benefits that could support some level of public investment. This research builds on a small foundation of literature that is moving discussion beyond the economic catalyst debate by providing an empirical measure of the consumption benefits that accrue to a region as the result of hosting a major league sports team. A contingent valuation survey is used to quantify the consumption benefits that would be associated with the relocation of a major league baseball team to Portland, Oregon. An empirical measure of the region’s aggregate willingness to pay for the benefits associated with hosting a team is disaggregated into option and existence values, which can then be compared to any proposed level of public contribution to a new stadium. The findings indicate that consumption benefits would only support a capital investment of approximately $74 million; a figure far smaller than the typical stadium subsidy. The majority of projected benefits are associated with expected public goods and externalities, rather than anticipated attendance, indicating that an equitable financing plan should employ nonuser revenue sources. The level of projected benefits does not vary by locality within the metropolitan area, which argues for a regional cost-sharing approach. The willingness of residents to pay for stadium construction is tempered by a concern about other pressing social needs in the Portland area and a reaction to the current tax climate.

JOURNAL OF URBAN AFFAIRS, Volume 29, Number 5, pages 455–479.


Post by Paul Le Comte


Filed under Architecture, Construction, Design, Economics, Geography, Stadiums, Town planning, Urban design